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Various Interesting Facts the About Pacific Ocean

The Pacific is the largest ocean on Earth, discovered by Ferdinand Magellan. This huge mass of water is stretching from the Arctic to the Southern Ocean from the Bering Sea in Alaska to the Ross Sea in Antarctica. It binds with the Atlantic Ocean through the Bering Strait in the north and south across the …

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What is Coriolis Effect and How it Affects Global Wind Patterns

‘Coriolis effect’ or Coriolis force can be defined simply as deflection of wind. Winds and ocean currents are in constant motion. This movement does not follow a straight line but bends and curves. This is the Coriolis effect which is noticeable in the curvature of global winds, and all that is free flowing across the …

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What Causes Seasons and What are Different Seasons?

Seasons are changes in weather conditions. A season can be defined as the distribution of a calendar year into phases that are marked by changes in temperature, precipitation, vegetation and duration of day and night. The seasons are linked with the position of the Earth in relation to the sun. The Seasons are generally divided …

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Five Different Atmospheric Layers of the Earth

The atmosphere is the mass of air surrounding the earth. It’s constitutes a mixture of nitrogen (about 78%), oxygen (about 21%), and other gasses (about 1%) such as carbon dioxide (0.039%), argon (0.93%) and the rest are trace gases (krypton, neon, helium , and xenon). The mass of the atmosphere totals to about 5.15×1018 kg. Higher …

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The Four Main Spheres of Earth: Hydrosphere, Biosphere, Lithosphere and Atmosphere

The earth is the 3rd planet from the sun between Venus and Mars. The earth is made up of several unique properties, characteristics, composition and they all affect the processes of the earth differently. Every of these properties and elements in Earth’s system are largely categorized into one of the four major subsystems including water, …

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What are the Different Layers of The Earth?

The earth is technically the 3rd planet from the sun between Venus and Mars and has an equatorial diameter of 12,755 kilometers (7926 miles) and a polar diameter of 149.6 million kilometers (92.9 million miles). The earth is in a constant state of motion as it revolves round the sun, which takes a period of …

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What is a Rock and What are 3 Basic Types of Rocks

Rocks ordinarily lie everywhere on the ground of the Earth. They constitute most of the landforms, as we often notice. For instance, rocks make up the mountains and most of the non-water portions of the earth’s surface. A rock is hence defined as a solid naturally occurring mass of consolidated mineral matter. This is because …

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What is an Earthquake and What Causes Earthquake?

Earthquake refers to a sudden violent shaking and vibration of the earth surface resulting from underground movement along a fault plane or from volcanic activity. Earthquakes can cause serious destruction to property, injury to people and even kills. It happens when there is sudden movement or breaking of the tectonic plates. Tectonic plates are huge …

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Natural and Man-Made Causes of Global Warming

Global warming is the most common term that comes up when we talk about climate change or pollution. Global warming is the result of increase in the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. As we consume more fossil fuels, cut down trees, use more toxic fertilizers in the agriculture, and multiply human population, we …

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Effects of Greenhouse Gases on Climate Change

The reason our Earth is habitable is because it is like a greenhouse. Sunlight penetrates through the atmosphere, warming the Earth’s surface, then radiating back to space (infrared radiation). A portion of this outgoing heat is retained in the Earth’s atmosphere and radiated all around by greenhouse gases. This process is called the greenhouse effect. …

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Anthropogenic Climate Change

Anthropogenic change (otherwise known as anthropogenic climate change) refers to the emission of greenhouse gases that occur specifically as a result of human activity. There are a number of ways in which humans all over the globe release extra carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which in turn is having a huge affect on the climate …

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15 Myths and Facts on Climate Change

Today, climate change is the major environmental problem facing the globe. Climate change is the change in Earth’s surface temperatures mainly due to burning of fossil fuels that produce large amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. According to Wikipedia, “Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change …

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