What is a Mountain Landform: Formation and Types of Mountains

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What is a Mountain Landform? Of all the landforms on earth, mountains loom large in people’s imagination. From ancient times, many have viewed these mysterious places as home to supernatural beings or gods. Others have viewed them as the hallmark in human escapade. Mountain climbing is one such escapade and is seen as an intense … Read more

What is a Fossil: Formation, Types and Facts

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What is a Fossil? We watch documentaries and read a plethora of materials on the history of animal and plant species every single day. But how did humans discover the origins of these animals and plant species?  It was with the help of fossils. Paleontologists have been able to harness vital information from fossils to … Read more

Causes, Effects and Types of Landslides

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What is a Landslide? Landslides are among the many natural disasters causing massive destructions and loss of lives across the globe. According to a survey study by the International Landslide Centre at Durham University, UK, 2,620 fatal landslides occurred between 2004 and 2010. These landslides resulted in the death of over 32,322 people. The figure … Read more

Types and Causes of Mass Wasting/Mass Movement of Rocks

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What is Mass Wasting/Mass Movement of Rocks? Mass wasting can be defined as a geomorphic process. A geomorphic process is a natural course of weathering, erosion and deposition that causes alteration of the surface materials and landforms of the earth. Mass wasting is also known as slope movement or mass movement. It can be described as … Read more

10 Striking Reasons of Environmental Degradation

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What is Environmental Degradation? Environmental degradation can be defined as a risk to which the world is exposed. It is termed as pollution. Generally, the term pollution refers to contaminated air, water, soil, besides unclean and unhygienic living areas. Such conditions cause harm to human health and damage to non-human natural world. According to Wikipedia, “Environmental … Read more

The Rock Cycle: Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic Rocks

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What is Rock? Rocks ordinarily lie everywhere on the ground of the earth. They constitute most of the landforms, as we often notice. For instance, rocks make up the mountains and most of the non-water portions of the earth’s surface. A rock is hence defined as a solid naturally occurring mass or lumps of consolidated … Read more

What is Weathering and Different Types of Weathering

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What is Weathering? Rocks, minerals, soils normally change their structure under the action or influence of certain environmental forces. Biological activity, extreme weather, and agents of erosion such as water, wind and ice are examples of environmental forces that influences the continuous breakdown, wearing away and loosening of rocks and soils. This is what is … Read more

Sedimentary Rocks: Formation, Types and Examples

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What are Sedimentary Rocks? Sedimentary rocks are the most common rock types which are freely exposed on the earth’s surface. They are formed from other rock materials since they are made up of the buildup of weathered and eroded pre-existing rocks. The weathering, erosion and the eventual compaction of igneous, metamorphic or formerly structured sedimentary … Read more