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Arctic Ocean: Climate, Islands, Depth, Location, Currents

The Arctic Ocean is the shallowest and smallest ocean with a total area of approximately 13,986,000 square kilometers. It is located around the North Pole and is surrounded by some countries like Greenland, Alaska, Canada, Russia and Norway. The ocean is connected to the Pacific Ocean by the Bering Strait and the Atlantic Ocean by …

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Southern Ocean: Climate, Islands, Depth, Location, Currents

The Southern Ocean is the newest ocean recognized by the United States Board on Geographic Names. The International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) created the Ocean as the fifth ocean ranking as the fourth largest ocean in the world representing fifteen percent of the earth’s water. The ocean is believed to form after the separation of South …

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Indian Ocean: Climate, Islands, Depth, Location, Currents

The Indian Ocean is the third largest oceanic divisions in the world and covers one-fifth of the total ocean waters. It bounds the waters on the west of Africa, east of Malay Peninsula, Sunda Islands, Australia, south of Southern Ocean, and the north of Asia including the Indian peninsula. The Indian Ocean was originally named …

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Atlantic Ocean: Size, Formation, Depth, Islands, Currents, Climate

After the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean is the largest ocean on Earth. The Atlantic is divided by the Equator in two rather artificial sections: the North Atlantic and the South Atlantic. Its name derives from Atlantikos (Atlas – the sea beyond the Atlas Mountains), one of the Titans of Greek mythology. Size and Boundaries …

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Pacific Ocean: Size, Formation, Depth, Islands, Currents, Climate

Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean in the world in terms of weight and depth. It covers more than one third of the surface of the Earth and contains more than half of its volume of water. It is usually done, artificially, a division from the line of Equator: the North Pacific and the South Pacific. …

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What is Oceanography and What Does an Oceanographer Do?

That branch of science which deals with the physical and biological properties of the ocean and the various phenomena related to it is known as oceanography. It is the branch of Geography that studies the ocean and is also referred to as oceanology. Oceanography, as the name suggests, is that particular discipline of knowledge that …

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What is a Biome and What are Major Types of Biomes on Earth?

Biomes are a group of ecosystems sharing the same characteristics and are well adapted to the prevailing abiotic factors. Any earth surface that has got a very large ecological system characterized by dominant forms of plant and animal life forms adapted to the prevailing climate and other environmental factors is termed as a biome. Biomes …

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