Southern Ocean: Climate, Islands, Depth, Location, Currents

Southern Ocean: Climate, Islands, Depth, Location, Currents

The Southern Ocean is the newest ocean recognized by the United States Board on Geographic Names. The International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) created the Ocean as the fifth ocean ranking as the fourth largest ocean in the world representing fifteen percent of the earth’s water. The ocean is believed to form after the separation of South…

Indian Ocean: Climate, Islands, Depth, Location, Currents

Indian Ocean: Climate, Islands, Depth, Location, Currents

The Indian Ocean is the third largest oceanic divisions in the world and covers one-fifth of the total ocean waters. It bounds the waters on the west of Africa, east of Malay Peninsula, Sunda Islands, Australia, south of Southern Ocean, and the north of Asia including the Indian peninsula. The Indian Ocean was originally named…

Advantages and Disadvantages of Hydroelectric Energy

Advantages and Disadvantages of Hydroelectric Energy

Hydroelectric energy is a renewable form of energy produced by the moving water. It comes from the Greek word” hydro” which means water. During the ancient times, water had been used to turn the turbines for grinding flours and bread. Many years passed, the water mills had become a common way in producing hydroelectric energy….

Advantages and Disadvantages of Nuclear Energy

Advantages and Disadvantages of Nuclear Energy

The onset of the industrial revolution has demanded an increase of energy yearly. Originally, the source of energy is through the combustion of fossil fuels. However, its effect on the environment has also been increasingly questioned. Then, new energy sources are created which are renewable and safe such as hydroelectric, solar, and wind energy. Though,…

Advantages and Disadvantages of Biomass Energy

Advantages and Disadvantages of Biomass Energy

The Biomass is an organic matter that can be used as a source of energy. It is derived from the energy crops to agricultural residues and waste and from the living organisms. Examples of biomass sources are wood products, dried vegetarians, crop residues, aquatic plants, and much more. These are used to create a biofuel….

What is an Ozone Hole and Causes and Effects of Ozone Depletion?

What is an Ozone Hole and Causes and Effects of Ozone Depletion?

Life on Earth has been protected for thousands of years with a vital layer of poison in the atmosphere. This layer serves as a shield that protects the Earth from harmful ultraviolet radiation from the sun. As far as we know, it is unique to our planet. If it disappeared, ultraviolet sunlight would sterilize the…

Wind Erosion: Examples and Ways to Prevent it

Wind Erosion: Examples and Ways to Prevent it

Wind erosion is a natural process where the soil is moved, carried, and transported by the force of the wind from one place to another. In order to be transported, the threshold velocity of the wind is needed. However, this depends on the size, weight, and wetness of the soil particles. Soils are composed of…

20+ Solid Reasons to Stop Deforestation That You Need to Know Today

20+ Solid Reasons to Stop Deforestation That You Need to Know Today

Deforestation persists to be one of the biggest environmental challenges in the world. More and more forests are cleared to create room for farming and the extraction of timber among other raw materials. In many parts of the world, the original forest cover areas have been reduced by more than 20% and some areas have…

Theory and Evidence of Seafloor Spreading

Theory and Evidence of Seafloor Spreading

Seafloor spreading is a geologic process where there is a gradual addition of new oceanic crust in the ocean floor through a volcanic activity while moving the older rocks away from the mid-oceanic ridge. The mid-ocean ridge is where the seafloor spreading occurs, in which tectonic plates—large slabs of Earth’s lithosphere—split apart from each other. Seafloor…

Various Interesting Facts About the Southern Ocean

Various Interesting Facts About the Southern Ocean

The Southern Ocean is also known as the Antarctic Ocean located in the Southern hemisphere that surrounds the Antarctica. It is ranked as the fourth- largest of the five principal oceans in the world constituting 15 percent of the earth’s waters. The Southern Ocean is the newest named ocean recognized by the United States Board…

Various Interesting Facts About the Indian Ocean

Various Interesting Facts About the Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean is the third largest oceanic divisions in the world next to the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It is but larger than Antarctic Ocean (Southern Ocean) and Arctic ocean covering 20 percent (one-fifth) of the world waters. It is scattered with thousands of tropical Islands such as the Seychelles and the…

What are Geological Faults? Causes and Types of Geological Faults

What are Geological Faults? Causes and Types of Geological Faults

In geology, a fault is a discontinuity that is formed by fracture in the surface rocks of the Earth (up to 200 km deep) when tectonic forces exceed the resistance of the rocks. In other words, a fault is a crack in the Earth’s crust. The rupture zone has a generally well defined surface called the fault…

What are Geological Folds? Causes and Types of Geological Folds

What are Geological Folds? Causes and Types of Geological Folds

Fold occurs when rock deforms in such a way that it bends instead of breaking. The rocks, like any other material, deform to the action of external efforts. We do not grasp this deformation, but we know when a rock is deformed. Folds come from pressure on the rocks that occur over very long periods…

How is Ethanol Made and Advantages and Disadvantages of Ethanol Fuel

How is Ethanol Made and Advantages and Disadvantages of Ethanol Fuel

Overdependence on fossils fuels has led to a hail of environmental problems the universe faces today such as climate change, oil spills, air pollution, and acid rains. Burning of fossils fuels to generate electricity releases dangerous greenhouse gasses like carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, water vapor, methane, and fluorinated gasses that cause the greenhouse effect. For…

Atlantic Ocean: Size, Formation, Depth, Islands, Currents, Climate

Atlantic Ocean: Size, Formation, Depth, Islands, Currents, Climate

After the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean is the largest ocean on Earth. The Atlantic is divided by the Equator in two rather artificial sections: the North Atlantic and the South Atlantic. Its name derives from Atlantikos (Atlas – the sea beyond the Atlas Mountains), one of the Titans of Greek mythology. Size and Boundaries…