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What is a Tsunami? Causes and Formation of a Tsunami

You’ve probably heard of feature pieces and articles talking about tsunamis. But have you ever wondered what they actually are and how they are created? In case you did, keep reading this article for some unbelievable facts about this natural phenomenon. What is a Tsunami? In the simplest terms, a tsunami can be defined as …

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Top 11 Worst Blizzards in History of America

It is all fun and games until a typical snowfall becomes a severe storm and starts wreaking havoc on your locality. Over the years, the United States has witnessed some of the most destructive snow storms that ever existed. These blizzards have unfortunate repercussions, including hundreds of casualties and destruction of millions worth of properties. …

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Sinkholes: How Do They Form and Types of Sinkholes

According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), sinkholes are pits in the ground that occur in areas where water collects without external drainage. Essentially, a sinkhole is any hole in the ground formed by erosion and the drainage of water. It can be just a few meters across or large enough to swallow a …

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Causes and Effects of Hurricanes

Hurricanes are some of the most destructive kinds of natural disasters today. They cause destruction to property and loss of life every year. According to the National Hurricane Center, the biggest hurricane in the world known as the Great Galveston Hurricane occurred in the United States in the 1900’s. The deadly hurricane resulted in about …

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Types, Causes and Effects of Droughts

The entire human, plant and animal life spins around water. Lack of water can bring a region to its knees. Some regions entirely depend on agriculture for survival and when lack of water persists; their futures are literally dried up. But it’s not just farmers that need water to get by; industries, cities, and animals …

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Causes, Effects and Types of Landslides

Landslides are among the many natural disasters causing massive destructions and loss of lives across the globe. According to a survey study by the International Landslide Centre at Durham University, UK, 2,620 fatal landslides occurred between 2004 and 2010. These landslides resulted in the death of over 32,322 people. The figure does not include landslides …

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What is a Tsunami and What Causes a Tsunami?

A tsunami is a sudden violent change in the earth’s surface resulting from a destructive sea wave caused by an earthquake or volcanic eruption. The volcanic or earthquake activity usually creates a huge wave underneath the ocean, which eventually come down violently onto the shoreline. The outcomes can be devastating for the communities living adjacent …

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What are Hurricanes and How do Hurricanes Form?

Hurricane is a severe tropical cyclone – rapid inward circulation of air masses about a low pressure centre, usually with heavy rains and winds moving at 73 to 136 knots (miles per hour) forming over the Atlantic Ocean or Eastern Pacific Ocean. Hurricanes are witnessed as massive storms during powerful rains with strong winds, lightning, and …

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What is a Tornado and What Causes a Tornado?

Tornadoes are associated with violent and destructive windstorms occurring over land characterized by a funnel-shaped cloud extending towards the ground. In other words, a tornado is a funnel-shaped violent windstorm that whirls upwards rapidly with a tip touching the ground. If the tip doesn’t touch the ground, it is termed as a funnel. Tornadoes contain …

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What is a Flood and What Causes Flooding?

Floods are natural occurrences where an area or land that is normally dry abruptly becomes submerged in water. In simple terms, flood can be defined as an overflow of large quantities of water onto a normally dry land. Flooding happens in many ways due to overflow of streams, rivers, lakes or oceans or as a …

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What is an Earthquake and What Causes Earthquake?

Earthquake refers to a sudden violent shaking and vibration of the earth surface resulting from underground movement along a fault plane or from volcanic activity. Earthquakes can cause serious destruction to property, injury to people and even kills. It happens when there is sudden movement or breaking of the tectonic plates. Tectonic plates are huge …

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